13 February 2005
URGENT INTERNATIONAL ACTION REQUIRED TO PREVENT LTTE CHILD CONSCRIPTION
UNDER THE COVER OF TSUNAMI RELIEF
There have been numerous independent reports that the Liberation
Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) is conscripting children orphaned or
displaced by the Tsunami that savaged the coastal areas of Sri Lanka
on 26 December 2004.
UNICEF, the United Nations Children Authority, has identified over
40 verifiable cases of child recruitment from Tsunami relief camps
in Eastern Sri Lanka.
Fr. Harry Miller, an American Jesuit priest based at St. Michaels
College Batticaloa, also says "The LTTE is abusing this disaster
in order to increase its influence in the east
. At this moment,
the LTTE is recruiting child soldiers in the camps. The orphaned children
are especially vulnerable. It is open hunting season for the Tigers."
(De Volksrant - 07 January 2005).
The University Teachers for Human Rights (Jaffna), an organisation
of Tamil academics, in its latest Information Bulletin No. 37 (www.uthr.org),
describes how the LTTE not only used the Tsunami to increase child
conscription, but makes every attempt to prevent the increasing links
between the Tamil population and the Sri Lankan security forces who
were the first to provide help to many Tamils. The UTHR (J) bulletin
states, "Even amidst this chaos and tragedy, there are reports
of killing and child conscription by the LTTE, one relating to three
girls rescued by the police while being taken to the LTTE-controlled
area at Omanthai. There is no doubt what will happen to many children
in refugee camps where the LTTE has established control".
These post-tsunami revelations follow the comprehensive report entitled
'LIVING IN FEAR - Child Soldiers and the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka'
by the US based Human Rights Watch (www.hrw.org - November 2004).
This study includes many first hand accounts from Tamil children in
Northern and Eastern Sri Lanka, and tells a horrifying tale of intimidation,
abductions and beatings conducted by the self-proclaimed 'sole representatives'
of the Tamil people in the name of a mythical separate state of Tamil
The HRW report, which concludes that the LTTE forcibly recruited
thousands of child soldiers since active fighting ended in 2002, supports
earlier reports by Amnesty International, UNICEF, as well as Sri Lankan
sources, that the LTTE continues to use the Norwegian brokered Ceasefire
to entrench its fascist one-party rule in parts of Northern and Eastern
Sri Lanka, and highlights the dangers of granting an Interim Self
Governing Authority (ISGA) as demanded by LTTE.
In UN Secretary General Kofi Annan's latest report on "Children
and Armed Conflict" it is stated that since 2001 Sri Lanka's
Tamil Tigers had recruited over 4700 children, some as young as 11.
The report, which is expected to be debated by the UN Security Council
on the 23rd of February states during 2004 alone, more than 1000 cases
of new or re-recruitments, of which a high percentage were girls,
were reported to UNICEF.
In keeping with its past record, the LTTE has rejected these reports,
and attempts to discredit and intimidate those who dare to challenge
its authority. A subsequent HRW article on 21/12/2004 states that
in Toronto, Canada, a public forum on child soldiers was repeatedly
disrupted by 'presumed LTTE supporters' with shouting and heckling,
as well as by photographing and video taping participants. Furthermore,
'following the event, Human Rights Watch offices in both Toronto and
New York received phone calls from apparent LTTE supporters threatening
to expose the identities of local Tamils who had contacts with Human
Rights Watch in a manner that would place them at risk'. "In
light of past intimidation and violence by Tamil Tiger supporters
against Toronto's Sri Lankan Tamil community, these ominous calls
to our offices give us real cause for concern," said Brad Adams,
executive director of HRW Asia Division.
Another continuing theme in many reports on child conscription is
the involvement of the Tamils Rehabilitation Organisation (TRO), which
the UTHR (J) refers to as the "Cats Paw of LTTE Terror on the
Ground". The TRO, which has been accused of siphoning off humanitarian
aid and Tamil Diaspora funds towards LTTE arms procurement, and of
running 'transit centres' for the re-recruitment of 'released' child
soldiers, now has uncontrolled access to Tsunami refuges in LTTE controlled
areas. Not surprisingly, the HRW report also makes explicit recommendations
related to the activities of the TRO.
The World Alliance for Peace in Sri Lanka (WAPS) deplores the actions
of the LTTE and its front organisations, and urges immediate implementations
of the following specific recommendations made by Human Rights Watch
(on pages 10 to 13 of the report).
To the United Nations Security Council
"In accordance with Security Council Resolution 1539 on children
and armed conflict (April 22, 2004), paragraph 6; adopt targeted measures
to address the LTTE's failure to end child recruitment. Such measures
could include the imposition of travel restrictions on leaders and
their exclusion from any governance structures and amnesty provisions,
a ban on the supply of small arms, a ban on military assistance, and
restriction on the flow of financial resources.
"Local Colombo missions of the Security Council should meet with
the LTTE to insist on progress in the release of children, in accordance
with Security Council resolutions on children and armed conflict.
To All United Nations Member States
In accordance with Security Council resolution 1379 on children and
armed conflict (November 20, 2001), paragraph 9, use all legal, political,
diplomatic, financial, and material measures to ensure respect for
international norms for the protection of children by the parties
to the conflict. In particular, states should unequivocally condemn
the LTTE's continued recruitment and use of child soldiers and withhold
any financial, political, or military support to the LTTE until it
ends all child recruitment and releases all children currently in
To the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
"Set firm benchmarks and deadlines for LTTE compliance with
its commitments to end child recruitment and release children from
its forces; if the LTTE fails to meet the benchmarks by the specified
deadline, suspend operations at the transit centers, including any
funds going to the TRO for center operations.
"Continue and strengthen efforts to prevent child recruitment,
including re-recruitment of former child soldiers.
"Strengthen communication and working relationships with local
communities and local non-governmental organizations in order to effectively
monitor child recruitment, put in place effective prevention strategies,
and better support affected families, including their efforts to resist
"Intervene rapidly in cases of child recruitment by raising cases
with the LTTE as quickly as possible and accompanying families, when
possible, in requesting the return of their children.
To Donors (including Japan, the United States, the European Union,
and Scandinavian countries)
Create a donor task force for close liaison with UNICEF and other
local actors and to make urgent interventions with the LTTE in cases
of new recruitment.
Provide financial and logistical support for the deployment of international
human rights monitors in support of the Human Rights Commission of
Sri Lanka as envisioned in the Hakone talks.
Consider the appropriateness of channeling economic assistance through
agencies, such as the Tamil Rehabilitation Organization, that are
linked to the LTTE.
Use economic leverage to pressure the LTTE to put an end to all child
recruitment by the LTTE and to promote the release of all children
currently in the LTTE's ranks.
To Governments of Countries with a Significant Tamil Diaspora (including
Canada, Switzerland, Australia, the United Kingdom, the United States,
Clearly communicate condemnation of the LTTE's child recruitment
practices to members of the Tamil diaspora through both the Tamil
and mainstream media and meetings with their leaders.
The World Alliance for Peace in Sri Lanka (WAPS) firmly believes
that the above recommendations by Human Rights Watch form a basis
for decisive action on the critical issue of LTTE Child Conscription
in Sri Lanka.
WORLD ALLIANCE FOR PEACE IN SRI LANKA (WAPS)
Dr. Dasarath Jayasuriya
Society for Peace, Unity and Human Rights of Sri Lanka (SPUR) Victoria
For World Alliance for Peace in Sri Lanka (WAPS)